Chinese Language Basics

Chinese Language Basics – CHARACTERS! AAAHHHH!

In the previous article, we contended that there are two primary challenges for beginners learning Mandarin Chinese.

1. Pronunciation

2. Chinese characters

The later layers of the language (vocabulary, grammar, writing, etc.) aren’t nearly as challenging as these first two, but that sucks for beginners. The hard part is all upfront! Never fear, MB to the rescue ;).

Chinese Language Basics – 汉字 hànzì “Chinese Characters”

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of learning 汉字 is trying to determine what the heck they are. Are they letters? Not really. Words? Only sometimes. Are they phonetic? Sort of, but there are loads of exceptions. So these are the ‘Chinese language basics’? No wonder so many people give up.

Break Your Frame

chinese language basics

The problem with analyzing characters how we did above is that it uses the incorrect frame of reference. It’s a frame that starts from above the character and tries to deconstruct it. We need to start below the character and construct it. Examples required!

We’re assuming that even if you’ve never learned a lick of Chinese you can handle the following:

“ 一 “ <— This means “one”

Hopefully, we’re not taxing you too much here, so let’s take another few steps:

“丨” <— This isn’t a character, but it’s a _component_ in many characters

“十“ <— This IS a character, it means “10” and has two components “一 & 丨.“

”干” <— Yet another character, it means “dry” and has two components “一 & 十.“

”土“ <— This 汉字 means “Soil,” components “十 & 一.“

“王” <— “King,” components “土 & 一.”

Look at that! You became a king with just a few horizontal and vertical lines!

Visualize Your Construction

chinese language basics

Each time you add a new component, there are further combinations of characters you can make (e.g., “丶” —> 玉,主;”亻“ —> 什, 住;“丿” —> 千,生), but how do you keep track of the components & characters you learn? For that matter, how do you remember how each character is pronounced? 

1. Spaced Repetition Software

2. Memory Athletics

We’ve written an article about SRS already, and “Memory Athletics” is the utilization of techniques so effective that people use them to compete & win World Memory Championships.

Ha, we could expound here, but we not only wrote a free book about it but also took three years to produce a massive online course about it. Gain free access to our Pronunciation Mastery course and character course for 14 days by signing up for a free trial here.