Word Structure: Subject-Predicate 主谓式
Subject-Predicate 主谓式 words are almost like a sentence in and of themselves. Take the example 地震 (dìzhèn “Earthquake”). The first morpheme is a noun and is like a Subject (地 dì “Ground”), and the second is the verb that happens to the Subject, which functions just like a predicate. In this case, 震 zhèn means “shake.” So what happened to the ground? The ground shook (earthquake). 地怎么样呢？地震了。
Bread. (Noodle & Wrap- what happened to the noodles? They got bound up into bread. 面怎么样？面包了)
Have blurred vision (eye & blurred, what happened to the eyes? The eyes got blurred. 眼睛怎么样？眼睛花了)
Have a ringing sensation in one’s ears (ear & ring, what happened to the ears? The ears are ringing. 耳朵怎么样？耳朵鸣了）
Government Coup (government & change, what happened to the government? The government changed. 政府怎么样？政府变了.)
Solar Eclipse (sun & eclipse, what happened to the sun? The sun got eclipsed. 太阳怎么样？日食了）
bad breath (mouth & smell, what is happening to the mouth? Its become smelly)
Impatient; short-tempered (personality & anxious, what is happening to the personality? Its become anxious)
Bright, promising (light & bright, what is happening to the light? The light is clear (and thus bright) )
Very angry (temper & big, what is happening to the temper? The temper is big.)
Voluntary (oneself & desire, what happened to oneself? Oneself desired to do something)
To come from outside (outside & come, what happened from the outside? Something came from the outside)
外在，内在 wàizài, nèizài
External & Internal- (outside/inside & located at) What happened to the Inside(outside)? It got located internally(externally).
内向，外向- nèixiàng, wàixiàng
Introverted & Extroverted- (inside/outside & siding with, what happened with the inside (outside)? It got sided with, or inclined towards, aka Introverted/Extroverted)
to love dearly, painfully (heart & painful, what did the heart do? It loved so much it hurt)
to covet, to envy (eyes & red, what did the eyes do? They turned red because of how jealous he was)
to desire (feelings & desire, what did the feelings do? They desired something)
Sunrise- (sun & appear, what did the sun do? The sun appeared)
to see with one’s own eyes (eye & come in contact with, what did the eyes do? They came in contact with an event)
Make fun of oneself
To Act for Oneself
to defend oneself
What did the self (自) do? It made fun of (嘲 cháo) itself, reflected (省 xǐng) itself, did (作 zuò) for itself, defended (卫 wèi) itself.
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